Prevalence of Fibromyalgia in Infertile Women

  • Russul A. Shakir Rheumatology Clinic Baghdad Teaching Hospital.
  • Ala H. Badr Kamal Al Samarraee Infertility Center.
  • Nizar Abdulateef Jassim Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Baghdad
  • Jasmine A. Hummadi Rheumatology Clinic Baghdad Teaching Hospital.
Keywords: Fibromyalgia, Infertility, Infertile women

Abstract

Background: Fibromyalgia is a functional disorder of growing importance characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain. It frequently affects women of child bearing age. Infertility is failure to achieve pregnancy within a 12 month period for sexually active individuals under 35 years of age and failure to conceive within a 6 months period for those over 35 years, which can have a major psychosocial impact on the affected person’s life.

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of fibromyalgia among a sample of infertile women; and to study its relationship with age, length of marriage, duration and type of infertility.

Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kamal Al-Samarraee Infertility Center & Infertility Clinic in Baghdad Teaching Hospital on 202 infertile women. Fibromyalgia was diagnosed according to 2012 Canadian Guidelines.

Results: Fibromyalgia was reported in 48 women (23.8%). There was a significant association between fibromyalgia and age (P=0.023), longer duration of marriage (P=0.001) and longer duration of infertility (P=0.04), but no significant association with type of infertility whether primary or secondary (P=0.32).

Conclusions: The prevalence of fibromyalgia among infertile women was higher than reported in the general population and its occurrence was significantly associated with age, longer duration of marriage and infertility.

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Published
2019-05-12
How to Cite
1.
Shakir R, Badr A, Jassim N, Hummadi J. Prevalence of Fibromyalgia in Infertile Women. JFacMedBagdad [Internet]. 12May2019 [cited 7May2021];60(4):228-33. Available from: https://iqjmc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/19JFacMedBaghdad36/article/view/700