Augmented Pressure Distal Colostogram.


  • Ahmed A. Khalaf Dept. of surgery, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad.



augmented pressure distal colostogram (APDC), ano rectal malformations(ARMs).


Background: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) represent a complex group of congenital anomalies resulting from abnormal development of the hindgut, allantois and Mullerian duct, leading to incomplete or partial urorectal septal malformations .

Patients and methods: This is a prospective study including  sixty-five male patients with high ARMs  who were admitted to the department of  pediatric surgery in Children Welfare Teaching Hospital in Medical City Complex - Baghdad - Iraq ; during the period from April 2009 to November 2011 ; they were subjected to divided descending colostomy in the postnatal period ;Augmented-Pressure Distal Colostogram (APDC) was performed at a later age for demonstration of the level of rectal atresia and the presence of the recto-urinary fistulas which then were confirmed at operation. Objectives: The objective of this study is the accurate demonstration of the anatomy of the level of rectal atresia and any associated recto-urinary fistula by using APDC  for optimal surgical management using  APDC .

Results: Rectourinary fistulas were demonstrated in 52 patients (80%) by APDC  technique and were confirmed at operation in each case. In the remaining 13 patients (20%), this technique failed to demonstrate a fistula, in 8 of them no fistula was identified during operation or thereafter , while in the remaining 5 patients fistulas were detected during operation .

Conclusion: The  APDC  readily demonstrated  the level of the rectal atresia and the associated recto-urinary fistulas in the majority of the patients , providing a road map for definitive surgical repair of ARMs.


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How to Cite

Khalaf AA. Augmented Pressure Distal Colostogram. JFacMedBagdad [Internet]. 2014 Oct. 1 [cited 2022 May 16];56(3):268-72. Available from: