The value of computerized tomography of the chest in patients with neutropenic fever


  • Khudhair A AL-Khalissi College of medicine-Baghdad University
  • Ahmed I Shukr Azadi Teaching Hospital (Kirkuk). Specialist in Hematology
  • Azher S AL-Zubaidy Baghdad Teaching Hospital. Consultant in General medicine and Hematology.



Chest radiography, Computerized tomography, Neutropenic fever.


Background: Absolute neutropenia in hematological malignancies remains the single most important risk factor for infection, which can be fatal and requires urgent management including radiological procedures and treatment.
Objectives: To compare computerized tomography (CT) of the chest with chest radiology (CXR) in the assessment of febrile neutropenic patients with hematologic malignancy.
Patients and methods: A prospective study, carried out in the hematological ward, Baghdad teaching hospital, for the period from 1stApril 2011to 30thApril 2012.It included 46 neutropenic febrile patients .All had chest X-ray (CXR) and computerized tomography (CT) of the chest.
Results: Male were 21, and female were 25. Mean age was 47.89 ± 15.32 years. Mean absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 0.25X109/L. 29 (63%) patients had normal CXR in which CT was abnormal in 3 of them. 17 (37%) had the same abnormalities on CXR and CT.
Conclusion: Computerized tomography is superior to CXR in patients with neutropenic fever, and it should be included in the investigations, especially in patients with respiratory symptoms.


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How to Cite

AL-Khalissi KA, Shukr AI, AL-Zubaidy AS. The value of computerized tomography of the chest in patients with neutropenic fever. JFacMedBagdad [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 1 [cited 2022 May 16];57(3):214-7. Available from: