Surgery of Eventration of the Diaphragm


  • waleed M. hussen College of Medicine-University of Baghdad, department of surgery
  • Ahmed M. Mohammed Al-Jamhori Teaching Hospital, Kirkuk.
  • Akeel S. Yuser Ibn- Al-Nafees Teaching Hospital.



Key words: Diaphragm. Eventration. Plication. Surgical repair. Phrenic nerve injury



Background: Eventration of diaphragm is an abnormal elevation of the diaphragm. Publishing on eventration of diaphragm in Iraq is scarce.

Objective: This study was carried out to report on the Iraqi experience on eventration of diaphragm.

Methods: A total of 18 patients with eventration diaphragm were included in this study. A review of case records of patients with eventration diaphragm treated in Ibn Al-Nafees Teaching Hospital was done. Review of records took place for the period of March 2012 to Dec. 2017.

Results: The age of patients was ranged 5 months to 70 years, giving male to female ratio of 2:1. Dyspnea was dominating presenting symptoms followed by cough. The left hemidiaphragm was the most affected site (83.3%). The cause of eventration of diaphragm was idiopathic in 72.2% of patients. Chest X ray showed the elevation of the affected hemidiaphragm. CT scan demonstrated the thinned-out raised hemidiaphragm. The most common complications were atelectasis, and recurrent chest infection. Hospital stay was ranging 4-14 days.

Conclusion: Eventration of diaphragm is not uncommon in Iraq. Presentation, management, and complication are similar to that reported in global centers.  

Key words: 

Diaphragm. Eventration.  Plication. Surgical repair. Phrenic nerve injury  


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How to Cite

hussen waleed M, Mohammed AM, Yuser AS. Surgery of Eventration of the Diaphragm. JFacMedBagdad [Internet]. 2021 Jul. 13 [cited 2021 Dec. 2];63(2):57-9. Available from: