Aggression is a dominant behavior among adolescents in Al-Sadr city, Baghdad-Iraq


  • Tuka Younis Hassan Arab board of community medicine
  • Basma M. Ali Ghazi Al-Hariri hospital for surgery specialist
  • Ammar Q. Raheem Al-Imam Ali hospital, Al-Rusafa health
  • Jawad K. Al-Diwan Dept. of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad



Aggression, Al-Sadr city, adolescents, violence, Iraq.


Background: Aggression is any behavior intending to harm another living being that desires to avoid such harm. Aggression is considered as a public health problem worldwide. Exposure to violence is a determinant of aggression. Al-Sadr city, which is an overcrowded residential area in Baghdad, was exposed to violence through wars, civil war, and widespread inter-personal violence). This situation was an impetus to study aggression in this city.

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of aggression among secondary school students in Al-Sadr city, Baghdad.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Al-Sadr city in Baghdad. A total of 720 adolescent secondary schools students from both genders were included in the study. They were selected by multistage random sampling. Their age was ranged from 13-21 years. Data was collected from 1st of February 2019 to 30 of April 2019 through a self-reported questionnaire (Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale).

Results: The mean age of participants was 16.2±2.04 years. Of all participants, 84.3% were assessed to be aggressive; including 329 (91.4%) males and 278 (77.2%) females. Males showed significantly higher aggression than females (p=0.001). Absence from school and low academic achievement were dominating among aggressive students (88.2% and 86.9%, respectively). Non-physical Aggression was the most common type of aggression (76.4%).

Conclusion: A high prevalence of aggression (mainly non-physical) was found, which was significantly associated with gender, being higher among males. Aggression was negatively affecting school achievement.


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How to Cite

Hassan TY, Ali BM, Raheem AQ, Al-Diwan JK. Aggression is a dominant behavior among adolescents in Al-Sadr city, Baghdad-Iraq. JFacMedBagdad [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 15 [cited 2022 May 27];61(3,4). Available from:

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