Self-medication among medical students in Anbar and Fallujah Universities – Iraq

  • Ameel F. Al Shawi Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Falluja.
  • Ahmed F. Ali Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Falluja.
  • Murtadha M. Enad Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Falluja.
  •  Junaid A. Salih Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Falluja.
Keywords: Medical students, self - medication, Falluja University, Anbar University, Iraq.

Abstract

Background: Self-medication (SM) is a worldwide issue, that has serious adverse effects on individuals and communities.

Objective:  To estimate the prevalence of self- medication   among medical student in Anbar and Falluja Universities and to explore the important reasons for using self-medication.  To identify the common sources and types of self-medication drugs.
Method:
A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among medical students in Anbar   and Fallujah Universities during the period from February to March 2018.  The subjects were asked to fill a questionnaire that consisted of questions on age, gender and educational level, in addition to questions for self-medication history.

Results: The results revealed that 73% of medical students had practice of self- medication. A higher prevalence of self-medication was  found among 5th study year students. Antibiotics were the most frequent self-prescribe medicine that used by 137 (49.6%) of the participants, followed by analgesic (29%), and supplements by 40 (14.5%).  The most frequently given reasons for using self-medication were previous prescription and of pharmacists’ advice.

Conclusion: A high prevalence of self- medication was found among medical students in Falluja & Anbar Universities with a statistical significant association between gender and self- medication practice.

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Author Biographies

Ameel F. Al Shawi, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Falluja.

 MD, PhD

 

Ahmed F. Ali, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Falluja.

MBChB

 

 

Murtadha M. Enad, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Falluja.

 MBChB

 Junaid A. Salih, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine – University of Falluja.

 MBChB

Published
2018-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Al Shawi A, Ali A, Enad M, Salih Junaid. Self-medication among medical students in Anbar and Fallujah Universities – Iraq. JFacMedBagdad [Internet]. 31Dec.2018 [cited 26Sep.2020];60(3):156-9. Available from: http://iqjmc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/19JFacMedBaghdad36/article/view/606